"art of kicking and punching"), Korean art of unarmed combat that is based
Karate. The name Tae Kwon Do was officially adopted for this martial art in
1959 after that name had been submitted by the South Korean general Choi Hong
Hi, the principal founder of Tae Kwon Do.
Tae Kwon Do is characterized by the
extensive use of high standing and jump kicks as well as punches and is practiced
mainly for sport, but also for self-defense. Training in Tae Kwon Do is carried
out by learning individual techniques of kicking, punching, and blocking,
which are practiced in combined series of techniques in traditional sets known
as hyung. (Proficiency in the graded series of hyung determines rank in the
lower grades.) Students also practice basic sparring combinations (il-bo taeryun,
"one-step sparring"); these are short, set sequences of attack and counter
practiced between partners, after which the students may practice free sparring
as opponents. In sparring, blows are stopped just short of contact.
Do is practiced as a sport by awarding points to correctly executed techniques
during free sparring or by judging the quality of performed hyung.
To Learn More About the Different Korean Styles and Receive Online Instruction, See Below:
Tae Kwon Do & Korean Hard Styles